The Challenges of Being Transgender and Over 60

Reprint from the BBC Magazine  with commentary from Tasi

Cat McShane

Those that transition

Transgender people and the issues that affect them have never been more visible. But life can be difficult for over-60s who transition gender, writes Cat McShane.

Teraina Hird was 67 when she transitioned. She did so privately in Thailand after being told she’d need to wait 18 months just for her first NHS appointment.

It was a daunting process. “If you’re 25, you’ve got your whole life in front of you, but at 67 do you want to spend three years in transition?” she says.

But Teraina, now 72, was sure of her decision and went ahead: “I felt I couldn’t live with my body not matching my brain gender.”

Referrals to the UK’s seven gender identity clinics is growing by 20% each year, and the NHS is struggling to keep up with demand.

boxing promoter Kellie Maloney

Boxing promoter Kellie Maloney transitioned in her 60 (Getty Images)

Older people like Teraina are often in a hurry to transition after a lifetime of hiding their true gender identity. Famously, Caitlyn Jenner appeared on the cover of Vanity Fair after transitioning at 65. In the UK, former boxing promoter Kellie Maloney recently announced that her gender reassignment was complete at the age of 62.

Cat McShane’s report on gender transition and the over-60s was broadcast on Newsnight. But age-related health conditions can also delay the process. On the eve of 62-year-old Dawn’s final surgery to transition to female last year, a heart condition was discovered and her operation was pushed back.

“The moment I was sent home before the operation was one of the worst days of my life,” she says. “For the first time in a long time I wanted to take my own life.”

Older patients are more likely to have picked up conditions along the way, says Dawn’s surgeon James Bellringer, who has performed more than 1,000 male-to-female gender reassignment operations.

Dawn's transition has been slowed down by underlying health problems

Dawn’s transition has been slowed down by underlying health problems (Getty Images)

“You’re more likely to find someone with diabetes or a significant heart problem or a significant chest problem than if you are operating on someone in their 20s,” Bellringer says.

There are emotional dangers, too. Many older transgender people tried to cover up their feelings at a younger age by having marriages and children, and run a high risk of being cut off by family when they finally come out in their 60s or 70s. Nearly half of transgender people with children have no contact with them.

Dawn’s son, Lee, 32, is today supportive of his dad’s transition from Dave. But when he was first told four years ago, Lee was deeply shocked.

“I didn’t know what transgender was,” he says. “I never felt comfortable talking to any of my friends about what was happening with my dad. I felt like a freak.”

Dawn with her son Lee: Getting used to her decision was a difficult process for him (Getty Images)

Dawn with her son Lee: Getting used to her decision was a difficult process for him (Getty Images)

Dawn recalls more positive experiences with her daughter, who oversaw Dawn’s first forays into the world of ladies’ fashion and make-up.

“It was a complete role reversal. I realised I was being told by my daughter, like an adolescent, to get changed into something more suited to my age,” Dawn says.

For partners too, transitioning places a huge strain on the relationship. Many marriages fail. Jane and Barbara’s 28-year marriage survived.

Barbara first discovered her husband John was cross-dressing 20 years ago, finding unknown women’s clothes in their wardrobe. She was convinced John was having an affair.

Jane's 28-year marriage survived the transition from male to female

Jane’s 28-year marriage survived the transition from male to female

Relieved at the truth, they agreed John could dress as a woman in private. “It may seem strange but it brought us closer together, it was our secret,” Barbara said.

However, John’s permanent transition to Jane four years ago placed a strain on the relationship. Barbara – a founding member of Beaumont Partners, a support group for the spouses and partners and an offshoot of transgender group The Beaumont Society – was forced to question her own identity. “It was very confusing, one thinks one isn’t feminine enough or attractive enough,” Barbara says. But after she took time to explore her feelings she “realised it was nothing to do with me, it was Jane who needed to be her real self”.

Most NHS Trusts require people to live in their new gender for at least two years before being referred for surgery. That period can be difficult, especially if done while working.

Teraina and her partner Anna May Booth, who’s 68, both suffered workplace discrimination, but at an age when it was too late to start their careers anew.

Anna says she was bullied by her line manager and lost half her pension because she retired 10 years early.

Media captionTeraina recalls the news headline which hastened the end of her garage business. Teraina was forced to sell her successful engine business. Customers dropped off as she wore more female attire, and she wrote to the local paper to explain the situation, hoping they’d return.

In terms of cost effectiveness this is possibly the best operation the NHS does – even in a 70-year-old, you’ve got 15 years of significantly improved quality of lifeJames Bellringer, Surgeon

Unfortunately, a national newspaper picked the story up and ran it under the headline “Mechanic loses nuts and customers bolt,” after which the business quickly floundered. She sold it for a fraction of what it was worth.

However, the UK 2010 Equality Act was pivotal for some older transgender people, as it offered a greater range of protections for people at work.

One person who took advantage of this was Jane, who’s 66 – once a headteacher called John who had feared being found out by neighbours and colleagues across a lifetime of cross-dressing. Jane recalls reading the document and being astonished – “the law protects me” – and began her transition.

Despite the medical challenges, Bellringer believes age should not be a barrier. “In terms of cost effectiveness this is possibly the best operation the NHS does,” he said. “Even in a 70-year-old, you’ve got 15 years of significantly improved quality of life.”

And regardless of the challenges, there is an enormous amount of positivity from people transitioning at a later stage of life, who are happy to be living out their final years in their true gender identities.

“I really thought at times I was too old to transition, but the older I got the more determined I became,” said Anna. “I’m so glad I did it.”

A perspective from Tasi, a non-transitioning woman.

I’m 74 and retired, but choose not to take my crossdressing further for family reasons. My wife is tolerant to a degree but doesn’t want it in her life which raises a new set of problems when we are together 24-7 now. I find happiness is relative because a 40 year marriage involves commitment and balance and neither gets what we want  but only some of what we want. Improvement in the quality of my life can not be at the expense of my spouse who has always been there for me during all the troubles of life. To do otherwise would be selfish in the extreme.

Although this article is written from a British perspective, it holds true from an American perspective too, but there is significantly less written about these issues in the American press. There is an urgent need for TG-friendly retirement homes. There is a need for greater understanding of the older TG woman and the health issues that she faces. And there is a need for equal protection under the law  across all the states. Hopefully the visibility we now receive as mentioned above will improve our lot in life.

The very positive fun part of growing older is that our fashion choices become unlimited. No longer driven to look sexy, we can dress in whatever esoteric way we wish. In fact, if you peruse the 40 plus blogs, you will find that older women are often far more stylish than the cookie-cutter fashion of younger women. We can combine color and fabrics in unusual ways and not seem out of place. These ladies from the Advanced Style blog is just one example of having fun with fashion as you grow older.

growing older fashion

 

4 thoughts on “The Challenges of Being Transgender and Over 60

  1. I am 72, and “Bi-gender”. This June will mark my 15th participation in the Chicago Pride Parade, riding one of my group’s float.
    Being Bi-gender is no easier than having a singular gender identity that does not match one’s birth sex…..but then, there’s not going to be any “surgery expenses”, so there’s more of my retirement money for all the fun I am having, as both “Him”, and “Her”.
    The one thing that wasn’t and still isn’t “FUN”?…….I am “the other woman”, and divorced because of it.
    I (he) still gets included in family events, and holidays, and the relationships between my four daughters and their father, are improving all the time, as they begin to hear more about the Trans community, in the news, and are beginning to understand that this is WHO we are, and NOT what we have chosen to be. Their Mother is becoming a bit more tolerant, but still does not want to see “Her”, or be a part of “Her” life. ( just another good reason why I keep “HIM” around ).
    Here in Illinois, GLBT are protected under the State’s Anti Discrimination Laws. That protection began 1 January 2006, when the Human Rights Act of 2005, was signed into law. I am proud to say that I, Lyseth, was one of the group who lobbied for the passage of that bill.\
    We also got “Same Sex Marriage” passed. Yeah, that was another one of my trips to Springfield………OH! —- !!!!! I have become a “Lobbyist” !!!! o: o: 😉 🙂
    Lyseth

  2. I am Bi Gender, identifying and presenting as my ‘male’ self, and identifying and presenting as my ‘woman’ self. ‘She’ was out at a bar in Chicago last night, enjoying conversation about things in general. TV shows of the middle to late fifties, became the topic, and I raised more than a few eyebrows with my knowledge of the shows, the characters, and many of the stories. The real ‘room rocker’ was stating that I remembered watching television on a “round screen TV”.
    One gentleman couldn’t resist asking my age, and was more than a little surprised by my ” On the 14th of last month I commenced my 73rd circumnavigation of the sun” answer. He didn’t quite understand what I meant so….I added, I celebrated my 72nd Birthday, yes I am 72 years old. ( and still have all the fun I possibly can. That remark made it all the way around the room, and I got a lot of ” Seriously? you are THAT !! old?
    🙂 🙂 🙂 It was one of the best evenings of my life 😉 🙂 🙂

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